Before the deal
begins, players must make a bet which is placed in the box marked in
front of their seat. When this is done the dealer will deal one face-up card in
front of each box that has a bet in it, one to themselves, then a second
face-up card to each active box. Cards are dealt from a shoe that
contains the pack. The pack is four or six decks shuffled
When all players
have two cards each, the dealer will return to the box closest to the
shoe and ask the player of that box what action they would like to take.
This action can be one thing at a time from a list of possible options,
depending largely on what cards the player's hand holds.
If the player holds an Ace with a 10 (or picture) then they
have a BJ which is paid immediately at odds
of 3/2, unless the dealer has either a 10 or an Ace as their card. In this
instance the deal continues to a finish because the dealer may achieve a
BJ themselves and therefore the hands will
be tied, which is a stand-off.
If the player
doesn't have a BJ then they may elect
Stand If the player is satisfied with their total
they may elect to stand, in otherwords take no further action with this
hand. To signify this the player must either say "no card", shake their head in
an obvious manner or pass their flat hand (knuckle up) sideways over the table.
All gestures must be unambiguous. Online you will have buttons to
Draw If the player wants to try and improve their
total they can draw a card. This is done by saying "card", by touching
the table in front of them or by nodding their head. This can be done until
either the player is satisfied with their total (when they will stand)
or their hand is bust.
Double You can double any hand. This means
increasing their bet by exactly 100% (doubling it) and receiving one (and only
one) further card.
Split If the first two cards have the same value
then the player may elect to split them. This means that they will be
separated and form the basis of two new and separate hands, each receiving a
second card dealt by the dealer. The player will have to increase their bet by
an equal amount to allow each of the new hands to have the same bet as the
original one. Now each hand is played in turn and further splits and
doubles and draws are allowed. If you split two aces, you receive
only one additional card for each ace and split hands can not make
Insurance If the dealer shows an Ace in his initial
hand, you are given a chance to insure your bet against him having a
Blackjack. If you get Insurance, an
amount equal to half your original bet is placed separately on the table. If
the dealer does have Blackjack, you are paid 2 to 1 on your insurance. This way
you do not lose your original bet (because you get the 2x half your original
bet, plus the insurance amount back). If the dealer does not have Blackjack,
you lose the insurance amount.
10 Card Charlie It is theoretically possible for the
player to draw 10 cards without going bust. In this case the players hand
automatically wins, except when the dealer has Blackjack. 10 Card Charlie is
also applicable on a split hand.
Dealer's Hand When all players have finished their actions it is the
dealers turn to take cards. The dealer must take cards until their total
exceeds 16 when they automatically stop taking cards. If they have a total
greater than 21 then their hand has bust and all remaining hands are
paid at even money except BJs which are paid at 3/2.
If the dealer makes
a hand then it is a straight show-down between the dealers hand and each
individual player hand. The highest hand wins and all ties are
stand-offs. Winning hands are paid at even money, BJs at
3/2. Losing hands forfeit their bet. A dealer's BJ beats all hands
except a player's BJ, when its a tie.
Rules From time to time the casinos will come up with side bets. The
standard side bet will always be a bad bet when dealing straight from a fresh
deck but there are techniques to beat real world Blackjack that includes side
bets. We will add new articles to discuss these.