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The Comprehensive History of Roulette  
At the centre of every casino shot is a roulette table, serving as an indication of the popularity of this casino game. Having been played for roughly just over 300 years, Roulette is a high stakes and glamorous game that every casino fanatic knows how to play.

The Origins
The earliest form of what we understand to be roulette we believe originated in France in the 18th Century as Roulette in French means "Small Wheel". The roulette wheel is commonly believed to be a fusion of the British wheel games Roly-Poly, Reiner and Ace of Hearts. As well as the Italian board games Hoca and Biribi.

Even-Odd, on the other hand, was a largely British game with a wheel and a ball just like roulette but instead of numbers there were just 20 sections marked E for Even and 20 marked O for Odd. Instead of a zero, a portion of the sections were allocated for the house. The game seems to have become rapidly very popular in the 1770s until it was banned by statute around 1782. This then is an obvious possible candidate for an ancestor of the game of roulette. However, there are unfortunately, no references to it prior to those of Roulette. So the only way that E.O. is the ancestor of Roulette is if it was went by another name - i.e. Roly Poly....

The modern day roulette wheel was first spun in 1796 in Paris and was first found in the French novel, La Roulette, ou le Jour by Jaques Lablee. In his novel, Lablee describes the roulette wheel;
"There are exactly two slots reserved for the bank, whence it derives its sole mathematical advantage." It then goes on to describe the layout with, "...two betting spaces containing the bank's two numbers, zero and double zero".

The Developments
The earlier roulette wheels used in Paris during the 1790s had red for the single zero and black for the double zero. However, to avoid confusion, the colour green was selected for the zeros in roulette wheels from the 1800s.
Roulette in early nineteenth century
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In early American roulette wheels players could find numbers 1 – 28, plus a single zero, a double zero and an American Eagle. The American slot was a symbol of American liberty and a house slot that brought the casino an extra edge. However, soon after it appeared, the Eagle wheel disappeared leaving the traditional roulette wheels in existence.

During the 19th century, roulette became renowned all throughout Europe and the US. It was during this time that roulette became known as a premium game in casinos.  
Roulette in the USA
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As the game progressed throughout America, cheating was rife and the wheel was moved to the top of the table making the roulette table that we know today. With the wheel at the top of the table hiding devices in the wheel or table was largely prevented.
later Roulette
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By 2008 there were several thousand casinos all around the world holding roulette tables with the game progressing to online casino vendors such as Paddy Power.

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